muscle strain - bruising
The calf muscle is a powerful superficial muscle located at the back of the lower leg and is involved in standing, walking, running and jumping. it is located behind the shin bone and works across both the knee and ankle joints.
Actually it is made up of two muscles: the gastrocnemius is the larger calf muscle, forming the bulge visible beneath the skin and the soleus is a smaller, flat muscle that lies underneath the gastrocnemius muscle.
The calf is commonly torn in sports which require quick acceleration from a stationary position and quick halts in movement. A calf strain is also more likely in athletes who have tight calf muscles.
The most common place to incur this injury is at the muscle tendon junction, roughly halfway between the knee and the heel.
- A sudden pain at the back of the leg, particularly halfway down the leg
- Pain and difficulty in contracting the muscle, standing on tiptoe or pointing the toes
Bruising - contusion - corked calf
In severe cases of a calf contusion, a visible increase in size of the muscle may be detected due to bleeding and swelling. Patients usually feel a sudden pain in the calf muscle at the time of injury. Other symptoms are muscle spasm, weakness and an inability to continue activity.
Occasionally the swelling and bruising may track down to the ankle joint or foot and toes.
SportsMed TENS therapy
After a diagnosis of muscle or tendon damage, your calf injury management plan should include physical therapy treatment as often as possible.
SportsMed is the physical therapy product we suggest to aid recovery of calf injury.
SportsMed electrotherapy can be used everyday - outside the clinic - for drug-free, on-demand pain relief. It is also designed and programmed to aid circulation, reduce inflammation, hasten healing and help with calf muscle rehabilitation.
- RELIEVE mode:
- Pain relief (modulated low and high frequency TENS; continuous, comfortable intensity)
- Early stage injury treatment (modulated low to medium frequency ECS; continuous, low intensity)
- RECOVERY mode - injury healing
- Later stage injury treatment (modulated low to medium frequency EMS and ECS; surging, medium intensity)
- EXERCISE mode - muscle strengthening
- Rehabilitation stage (high frequency EMS; surging, medium to high intensity)
Pad placement - calf muscle
SportsMed treatment guide
|Pain relief||RELIEVE||Low to medium||Minimum 60 minutes||On demand|
|Muscle soreness||RELIEVE||Low||Several hours||Daily for 1 or 2 days|
|Scar tissue||RELIEVE||Low||Several hours||Daily as needed|
|Soft tissue healing||RECOVER||Medium||10 to 20 minutes||3 times per day|
|Circulation||RELIEVE or RECOVER||Low||60 minutes||as often as needed|
|Rehabilitation||EXERCISE||Medium||5 to 15 minutes||3 times per day|
|Rehabilitation||EXERCISE||Medium to high||10 to 20 minutes||3 times per day|
|On RELIEVE mode – muscles should not contract or twitch|
|On RECOVER mode – muscles should contract, mildly|
|On EXERCISE mode – muscles should contract, mildly or strongly – as required|