TENS evidence and published texts

TENS therapy has now been researched for more than 45 years. There are many, many sources of TENS clinical evidence and evaluations of efficacy. The best all-round resource is a text book authored by Mark I Johnson, Professor of Pain and Analgesia at Leeds Metropolitan University. Details are:

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) - Research to support clinical practice; Oxford University Press; 2014

ActivLife pain relief survey - results at a glance


TENS pain relief in depth analysis

A White Paper evaluating TENS Pain Relief has been prepared by our Managing Director, Robyn Murphy B.Sc. Resources included:

  • International and Australian physiotherapy, electrotherapy and analgesia text books
  • 45 years of world-wide clinical trials and meta-analyses
  • 8 years of pain surveys conducted by Bio Electronics

This is a technical paper - but it is relatively easy to read. For a free copy, please complete the below form.

The paper will be available as an open downloaded file. Don't forget to save it.

Evaluating the analgesic benefits of TENS therapy: RM Murphy, B.Sc

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Other clinical evidence is available upon request.