2. TENS published texts

TENS therapy has now been researched for more than 45 years. There are many, many sources of TENS clinical evidence and evaluations of efficacy. The best all-round published resource is a text book authored by Mark I Johnson, Professor of Pain and Analgesia at Leeds Metropolitan University, UK. Details are:

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) - Research to support clinical practice; Oxford University Press; 2014

British Medical Association Book Awards Finalist

3. ActivLife pain relief survey

We have collected data from 3,000 anonymous customers over an 8 year period.

Full Survey

Please click on the photo to the right for:

  • Full details of survey design

  • A demographic profile of respondents

  • A pain history profile of respondents

  • Detailed analysis of results

  • Charts


4. Evaluation of TENS evidence

Evaluating the analgesic benefits of TENS therapy: RM Murphy, B.Sc

A White Paper evaluating TENS Pain Relief has been prepared by our Managing Director, Robyn Murphy B.Sc. Resources included:

  • International and Australian physiotherapy, electrotherapy and analgesia text books

  • 45 years of world-wide clinical trials and meta-analyses

  • 8 years of pain surveys conducted by Bio Electronics

This is a technical paper - but it is relatively easy to read. For a free copy, please complete the form to the right.

The paper will be available as an open downloaded file. Don't forget to save it.

Name *

5. The bio physiology explained

Follow the links:

Sensory nerve stimulation

Cell membrane

Motor nerve stimulation